News

CELL AND GENOME ENGINEERING

 

NEW ADDITION

PROXENCELL LABORATORY has established experience in CRISPR Cas9 based Genome Editing Technology.

Our portfolio include 

A) PLASMID based system

- wild type Cas9 (pX458, ADDGENE)

- Double Nickase Approach to higher target specificity (pX461, ADDGENE)

B) Lentivirus based system

- LentiCRISPR v2 - has been successfully used to modify immortalised macrophage cell lines using gRNA minigens and ULTRAMER oligonucleotide templates for integration/modification of genomic target sequences

- vectors:

1. 63593 lentiCas9n(D10A)Blast

2. 52961 lentiCRISPR v2

3. 52963 lentiGuidePuro

4. 52962 lentiCas9Blast

5. 12260 psPAX2

6. 8454   pCMVVSVG 

 

 

CAS9

Recent specific genome editing technologies allow us to precisely position deletions, modifications, and transgenes in the genomes of living cells. As a result, stable cell lines can be generated with controlled characteristics and predictable transgene functioning for the purpose of e.g. fundamental research, bioassays, and recombinant protein production. 

 

TALEN versus ZFN

TALEN_ZFN

Primer: genome editing with engineered nucleases. nature methods, VOL.9 NO.1, JANUARY 2012

MORE WAYS TO EDIT THAN YOU GET IT

Gernomedit

Genome-editing tools storm ahead. Vivien Marx, Nature Methods 9, 1055–1059 (2012)

 

Using various sequence-specific meganucleases and TAL effector nucleases engineered to recognise integrated target sequences or natural genomic loci of mammalian cells (Jurkat, HEK, YT, THP-1, CHO etc.), we have successfully generated various stable monoclonal cell lines expressing membrane-bound antigens, cell surface receptors, or monoclonal antibodies, to operate as target cells or effector cells in bioassays, or potential biopharmaceutical protein producers. 

GE TOOLS

 

The concept of sequence-specific genome editing is based on the fact that genomes are ordered and controlled mostly by sequence-specific DNA binding proteins, transcription factors. Recently, thanks to the accumulating information on DNA sequence recognition by such proteins, the principles of those interactions  have been increasingly exploited to engineer tools for targeted genome modifications.

Firstly, a nuclease is engineered to cleave the desired target sequence in the genome, creating a double-strand break (DSB). Secondly, the cellular mechanisms of DNA DSB repair, which are (i) non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) or (ii) homologous recombination (HR), operating in the absence and presense of a template DNA, respectively, are exploited to introduce the desired modifications at the chosen genomic location. 

To date, engineered nucleases, which were successfully used in specific genome manipulations are restricted to Meganucleases at some extent, but mostly to Zinc-Finger Nucleases (ZFNs), and recently, to TAL-like effector nucleases (TALENs). This cutting-edge technology, which is fully operational in both cell lines and primary cells, including oocytes, has made us able to rationally disrupt target genes at single nucleotide resolution (sure knock-outs) via the introduction of small insertions or deletions at the endonuclease TALEN) cleavage site in a cell line. Also, we were able to insert the gene of a recombinant cell surface antigen into precisely-defined location for efficient expression without harmful effects on normal cell functioning in a cell line of choice. In addition, we specifically integrated therapeutic antibody genes into a highly expressive and well defined genomic locus of CHO cells to achieve efficient protein production.

Specific genome editing technologies are still in the initial evolutionary phase (it is true especially for TAL effector nucleases and some upcoming new approaches), that means, besides the substantial optimisation work one need to carry out, one also has to innovate a lot in the adaptation of the commercially available systems (e.g. Cellectis Bioresearch or currently the System Biology Division of Life Technologies) to the specific applications. Therefore, and as a result, while going along our genome editing routes, we were  forced to implement and developed new technologies (i) to assess genome modifications at early stages of TALEN transfections, based on specific amlification and capture of modified sequences for more accurate quantification and sequencing, (ii) generally applicable strategies and tools for the detection of, and direct enrichment for assisted KO cells using e.g. flow cytometry, and (iii) new approaches to map TALEN specificity in vivo in automated and HTS assays. Most promisingly, we are keen (iv) to device and test some new/proprietary genome editing approaches, which are completely divergent from the current state of the art.

 

WHAT WE ARE OFFERING:

Research and development collaborations are offered using conventional vector technologies and site-specific genome editing technologies to generate stable cell lines.

We are routinly generating mammalian transgenic cell lines with

- KO

- KI

- point mutations

- gene fusions

- gene tagging

- promoter engineering

- multiply engineered cell lines

for research, bioassay, and protein production.

 

Internal research projects (Meganuclease, TALEN) - Cellectis Bioresearch completed (4) and in progress (3) in the field of

- Genome engineered cell line development - reporters, effectors, producers

- Technology platform developments to enable, enhance, rewamp existing and introducing new solutions